SAILORS Introduction to the 420

  • Photos

Introduction to the 420

The 420 is an established worldwide performance two-person trapeze and spinnaker racing dinghy which holds status as a World Sailing International Class.

Status International Hull Length 4.2 m
Type Centreboard Boat Beam Length 1.63 m
Number of Crew 2 Mast Length 6.26 m
Opt Crew Weight 110 - 145 kg Mainsail Area 10.25m2
Designer Christian Maury Headsail Area 2.8 m2
National Origins France Spinnaker Area 9.0 m2
Hull Material GRP Sailing Boat Weight 100 kg
Number of Trapeze Single Bare Hull Weight 80 kg

There are 56,000 boats which have been built worldwide. This popular dinghy is sailed at school, club, open, national and international levels. There are many second hand boats available, active clubs and excellent tuition for all levels.

Built in buoyancy tanks make the boat very safe even when inverted. The 420 is the youth development boat in 43 countries around the world. It is the equipment for the two-person dinghy boys and two-person dinghy girls events at the Youth Sailing World Championships, the pinnacle youth event in the world.

Despite the emergence of newer commercial driven classes and asymmetrics, the 420 is still the world's top youth training boat. A brand new 420 ready to sail costs approximately EUR5500 - 6000, making the boat an extremely affordable choice.

About 350 boats are built per year, with 1850 boats built over the past 5 years.

In 2020, the International 420 Class celebrated its 60th Anniversary.

The International 420 Class is recognised by World Sailing as an "World Sailing Learn to Sail Training Programme Recommended Boat", which endorses its use by Member National Authorities for developing and teaching sailing in their nation. This status also endorses that the 420 is proven to have suitable availability to MNA's and also offers a supply structure to reduce costs to the MNA's and Learn to Sail Programme training centres.

All boats recognised by World Sailing have been independently assessed by World Sailing to be ideal for developing and/or teaching sailing within the World Sailing Learn to Sail programme; they also undergo safety assessments such as European CE marking or coastguard assessment.

Related links

Find your 420 National Class Association
Reasons why the 420 is the Boat of Choice for Youth Sailors

Related content

420 Class 50th Anniversary

Read more
Racing at the 2011 420 European Championships

420 Sails and Spars Manufacturers Guides

Read more

Getting into Racing

Read more
420 To The Max

420 to the Max - Free online training video

Read more

New 420 Tuning Video

Read more